Diabetes mellitus in animals

Diabetes mellitus in animals

Diabetes Type 1
Immune-mediated destruction of the beta cells of the pancreas
Absolute insulin deficiency
Frequent in dogs
Increased risk:

  • Middle to higher age
  • Breeds with a genetic predisposition for diabetes
  • Additional trigger factors

Diabetes Type 2
Insulin resistance and dysfunction of the pancreatic beta cells
Frequent in cats
Increased risk:

  • Higher age
  • Neutered male cats
  • Obesity
  • Indoor cats
  • Lack of physical activity

Diabetes Type 3
Secondary diabetes
in dogs and cats

  • Triggered by other diseases (hyperthyroidism, acromegaly, hyperadrenocorticism,...), or medications (corticosteroids, progestagens) or pancreatic tumors.
  • There is an increased risk for not-neutered female dogs.

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